Dr. Jamila Alam Al-Hoda, a member of the faculty of Shahid Beheshti University, who has traveled to Indonesia with the Chancellor of the Islamic Denominations University, speaks at the International Seminar on Contemporary Islam at Radan Islamic University, Fath Indonesia, during a lecture on citizenship promotion.
He stated that there are two ways to promote citizenship education: one is to strengthen citizenship ethics by teaching religious teachings and the other is to redefine citizenship by explaining religious teachings that these two ways can be complementary or separately depending on the situation. Used by policymakers and planners of countries' education.
Dr. Alam ul-Hoda, pointing out that there are usually two points of neglect in Farsi sources devoted to Islamic citizenship education: One: the intrinsic conflict of citizenship values, for example, the value of welfare and equality, and the other; The spirituality of the modern world and the lack of emotional contexts are essential for the development of values.
He noted: Abrahamic religions and most religious approaches emphasize ethical values such as peace, altruism, sacrifice, love, asceticism and secularism. But in modern educational institutions, these values and moral virtues are separated from the rational, the epistemic values emphasized in science and technology, such as accuracy, precision, speed, and ease.
Faculty member of Shahid Beheshti University continued: In universities and schools ethical and religious teachings is the subject or object of studies that is especially interested in humanities but lacks a definite and formal place in academic experiences. Specialized and general curricula focus on reading writing skills, calculating research skills, analytical and reasoning skills. That is, epistemic values and virtues are experienced in most learning opportunities. So the formal education process at university and school is under the influence of rationality that has been reduced to scientific and technological knowledge and formally devoid of artistic as well as religious and moral experience.
Worship, sanctification, self-sacrifice, sacrifice, love, and the like, were eliminated from official programs of schools and universities, and instead these experiences in temples and religious centers were monitored extensively by religious authorities, the university professor said. Diverse happens. In addition, artistic and aesthetic experiences have been transferred to cinema and media to some extent outside the university and the temple, and more widely. This kind of division of duties between Temple University and Cinema is part of the modernization project, which has many benefits, of course.
Dr. Alam- ulhoda said that the specialization and division of labor between cinema, the university and the temple, in spite of the many benefits, has led to unbalanced and fantasy educational policies and programs, saying: Under the impact of our modernization project today, Education We face the education industry, and the goal of current education programs in the industry is to make citizens ideal for industrial and post-industrial cities.
He added: The division of labor between the school, the temple and the media, which is part of the modernization project, could not lead to the development of citizenship that relies on the unity of education because of the inclusion of some conflicting missions.
A member of the Shahid Beheshti University faculty, saying that indeed the value of welfare and the value of justice are the two ultimate values in citizenship education, but that welfare is incompatible with sacrifice and the pursuit of justice with speculation, also said that participation depends on accepting different or even dissenting opinions. Is not compatible with the autonomy caused by the independence of the vote. The difficult task of coordinating between religious centers and educational and media centers is to overcome these kinds of fundamental conflicts in citizenship education.
Divine science emphasized: It seems that the combination of spirituality and rationality and beauty can contribute to the development of a narrative of education that encompasses different aspects of human life from scientific education to art education, physical education, body education. Religion, nurturing economic education and collectively promoting all of these areas of education.
He said that modern society suffers from spiritual poverty despite all material advances. He said that the achievements of science and technology in providing health, prosperity, happiness and progress are accompanied by unintended consequences such as poverty, discrimination, oppression and violence. Is. All these miseries that afflict our generation today, though they are the result of various social factors, are also rooted in the poverty of spirituality. Spirituality is the dual consequence of faith and reason, the fundamental distinction between reason and faith formed by the formulation of rationality. Science and technology and the formulation of faith and religion in the form of rituals, rituals, rituals, secularism and spiritual poverty have increased it.
The professor described religion as a modern-day characteristic of the breakdown of religious rationality and said: The separation of civilization from religion is the result of the separation of spirituality from rationality, which has led science, technology, politics and economics to be rational but devoid of spirituality and faith. On the other hand, Divergent, which focuses primarily on worship, prayer and relief services, has completely maintained its identity in the separation of economics, politics, and other intellectual affairs.
He concludes: On the one hand, the diverse and mysteriously evolving spirituality more than ever before demonstrates the need to integrate spirituality with rationality and the need to evaluate and validate all kinds of spirituality, and on the other hand, the development of industrialized violence alleviates spiritual poverty. It is related to the emergence of spirituality in different areas of social life.
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