The conference "Modern Understanding Methodology and Modern Hermeneutics" was held at the University of Sunan Kalijaka, Indonesia, with the participation of prominent professors from various countries, including Iran, with the lecture of Dr. Mokhtari,Chancellor of the Islamic Denominations University.
Dr. Mokhtari, Chancellor of the Islamic Denominations University, gave a lecture entitled "Critical Review of the Philosophical Hermeneutics" in english at the conference.
At the beginning of his speech Dr. Mokhtari stated that philosophical hermeneutics do not basically believe that hermeneutics is semantics, since semantics is a component of epistemological topics, he said: The position and basis of semantics is in epistemology, whereas the basis of hermeneutics is philosophical. The difference between them are obvious.
"For them, hermeneutics is meant to be interpreted, while semantics deals with grammar and syntactic issues and the like," he said. They say that when a human being is a hermeneut no longer needs to be discussed semantically because being a hermeneut itself implies existential meanings and does not need to be rationalized.
Professor of Philosophy of Domain and University The question of what is meant by Heidegger's question? He said: "In his view, when the meaning of something has become clear to us, we have encountered it. Meaning in Heidegger's thinking, if it is not inconsistent with the concept and definition, does not hold it. What is meant by the concept is purely personal. The meaning of a thing becomes clear to us when it is present to us in a personal relation.
Dr. Mokhtari continued: Although there are many ways to discover the meaning of a thing, such as referring to an encyclopedia and studying and learning about it, none of it makes sense to us, so it can be said that the concept is macaseb and meaningful is pros.
The head of the Islamic Denominations University commented on Heidegger and Gadamer, saying: Philosophical hermeneutics, including Gadamer, speak of fluidity and changeability of understanding, denying the existence of a fixed meaning in understanding the text because the only way to realize it is through dialogue. Between the semantic horizon of the text and the semantic horizon of the interpreter, the two horizons are considered possible, and on the other hand, the present horizon is semi-stable and deterministic, so they cannot be definitively interpreted or interpreted.
He added that commentator-centricists, both constructivists and hermeneutics of philosophy, dismissed the theologian's intentions and intention to neglect his role in understanding the meaning of one of the key pillars of interpretation. Because the intent and mission of the interpreter is to receive the author's message, as well as to strive to gain awareness beyond the new rhetoric - which is seriously contemplated - again, the will and intention of the creator of the work cannot, in fact, be created. The main factor is its denial.
Dr. Mokhtari stated that the main criterion and areas of research are the validity or inaccuracy of the interpretation of a text, stating: The principal mission of the interpreter is to reconstruct the author's intention and logic, which ultimately leads to the criterion of interpretation and interpretation. It is the recognition of the author's fundamental intention and gem.
He added: If the author's role in the interpretation of the text is to be ignored and the meaning of the text is subject to the interpreter's understanding then what is the philosophy of the creation of the language as well as the ordering of the words by the author of the text? If the meaning depends on the will and understanding of the interpreter and if he wishes to impose any meaning on the text, will the conversation and understanding be generally closed?
While God has given human beings the power of communicating with humans to provide communication with others, language is one of the human minds' ability to communicate and convey messages. And this is the external expression of this ability.
Noting, in other words, one's social nature of self-expression led him to use language and speech in order to take a step toward meeting his needs:
Obviously, the concept by which the word implies that the speaker uses it to convey his menus and purposes in the form of a sentence is meaning, and the meaning is generally considered to be derived from the outside world in the form of words.
Uncertainty-based thinking with uncertainty in work, controversial thinking in the new philosophy
In another part of his speech, the Head of the University of Islamic ِdenominations, controversial thinking in modern philosophy such as Derrida's ideas and philosophical hermeneutics, is based on uncertainty and uncertainty. This view does not make it possible to come up with any incorrect interpretation of the text. Many theorists have rejected this idea. Hirch is one of them.
He continued: Basically the meaning of a text depends on the intention of the author or the reader's understanding. And the truth or consistency of the meaning of the text depends on the author's intention. Apart from human consciousness and intentions, there is no such thing as a magical land of meanings. Whenever the meaning of the relation between the vocabulary emerges, the person has established the relation.
Dr Mokhtari noted: On the other hand, we must admit that indeterminacy is inevitable even when we are dealing with a work that the meaning of the work is suspended between certain meanings. In this case, we have practically restricted the field of indeterminacy to the limits of the above stated probabilities, in other words we have obtained another determination.
The head of the Islamic Denominations University pointed out that basically ignoring the author's intention and focusing on the commentator's centrality in understanding the meaning of the work leads to relativism, while relativity in human science does not work.
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